Borderlines: an experiment in the future of Europe

Juan Ramon Gomis writes on walking and climbing in the mountains, travelling in Europe and looking at flowers

John Harlin III’s father died on the Matterhorn in 1966. Harlin junior had lived until that time in Switzerland and expected to do so for the rest of his life. But his father died, his mother took him back the states. That move and the separation from the mountains, and the trauma of his father’s death forged an obsession in him to climb the Matterhorn on the same route that had killed his father. He climbed it in 2005. Lionel Daudet, 45, is a climbing legend. His has twice been awarded the golden ice axe of the Piolet d’Or for his achievements as a solo climber who does not use communication and carries all he needs on his back.

Swiss Border project

The two are linked by a love of mountains but also be a weird coincidence of projects. In 2011-12, John Harlin set out on a Swiss Border project which he recounted here as the Swiss Border Stories. Lionel Daudet set out on a French Border project which he recounted here as the Dod Tour. Neither knew that the other was doing the project. As one writer described the experience, this was experimental mountaineering of a new and challenging kind:

The self-imposed constraints thus provided them with the basis for a new type of mountaineering, one which involved not only confronting the complex mountainous terrain followed by the borders in Switzerland and France but also practising a variety of outdoor sporting activities: we suggest referring to this challenge as ‘experimental mountaineering’. These projects undoubtedly mark an important change in the practice of mountain sports, where the mountain tour, or circular route, is in the process of earning its place alongside the more traditional summit climbs and mountain crossings. In putting their bodies to the test in following the border, these two men have shown how the idea of the “mobile” border is able to express itself in the form of a constantly renegotiated juxtaposition of spatial characteristics generated by the presence of a limit.

The two had to cycle between climbs and took differing views of the “purity” of their approach to staying close to or on the border at all times but the essence of their experimental mountaineering was the same. Harlin set out in 2010 and finished in 2011, 100 days in total on the road. Dod took 465 days to complete his project. Harlin became diverted from the original mission of cycling, walking and climbing the exact route of the borders because it was less the peaks that began to interest him as it was the villages and towns. Dod kept closer to this original mission but was also distracted by some human elements. The intriguing question is why did they do this? What does it tell us about the times in which we live and the future of this experimental mountaineering?

A great climber like Dod came to this idea by a different route to a commercial climber like Harlin, but they came to the idea at the same time in the history of Europe – 2010-2011 and their experiment still resonates because borders are the sites of the major crises of European civilisation: the movement of people. The Swiss border has long played a role in the history of Europe. During the Nazis era, it was the goal to cross and to escape into a neutral land in which you might survive if you were Jewish or get home if you were an escaped prisoner of war. The French border has long been the main site of war in Europe, it is the crossing of this border that signals the many wars between France and Germany which were finally settled by the peace and reconstruction of the postwar period and the formation of the European Union. It is now the borders of that Union that are “protected” from the waves of migrants escaping poverty and war in Africa and the Middle East to try to find new lives in the prosperity of the EU. And in the UK, the borders between Northern Ireland and the Republic, have become the central issue that has slowed down and might even still stop the Brexit process. For so much of the 19th century the Concert of Europe and the unification of nation-states, defined by borders, shaped the wars, and the geopolitics of the continent. For a short time as Europe seemed to unify, these questions seemed settled. Then with the collapse of the Soviet Union and the independence of Central and Eastern European states, the question of borders came back to the forefront. It has remained there ever since, with cycles of dispute.

Europe furure-borderline

So, for these experimental mountaineers, the choice of borders was not so strange and the idea forces us to look again at what it means to be a nation-state and perhaps also, what it means to be a climber.

Juan Ramon Gomis blogs here about mountains, here about travelling in Europe and looking at flowers

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Avoiding Tricks And Scams When Buying Diamonds


avoid scam while buying diamonds

Whether you are shopping online or in-store, there are scams everywhere. The birth of the internet makes people even more vulnerable to falling for various tricks scammers try to pull on unsuspecting buyers.

The key is to know what type of scams are out there as well as the potential red flags so that you stand the best chance of finding somewhere reliable. This article will discuss the signs you can look out for and how to avoid scamming when buying precious stones such as diamonds. First and foremost, finding a reputable retailer with a bulletproof reputation is essential. The Australian Diamond Network has wholesale diamonds Sydney collectors prefer and is a fine example of a good diamond supplier as they stock certified diamonds and have been operating for decades in the marketplace.

How To Avoid Tricks And Scams When Buying Diamonds

buying a diamond

Potential scams shouldn’t put you off buying diamonds firstly. There are pitfalls and scams in almost every investment of life so getting clued up on how to do it smartly is the best thing you can do.

Protect yourself from fraud and scammers with the following tips when buying a diamond:

  • Get educated – firstly, if you are new to buying diamonds you want to do your research. Recognize this isn’t just an everyday purchase and there are actually many things to discover about this precious stone. One of the first things you need to be finding out more about are the 4 C’s. Knowing what the Clarity, Cut, Carat and Colour mean in diamond terms and how these impact price is essential. Before you even start looking, get clued up on these factors.
  • Always check if your diamond comes with a certificate – any genuine and authentic diamond retailer will have a certificate to support the 4 C’s of the diamond. This means you should see a certificate from either the GIA (Gemological Institute of America), the AGS (American Gem Society) or the EGL. When you see these, they are certified marks of authenticity to guarantee the diamond is genuine.
  • Avoid the Carat total weight trick – if the buyer doesn’t know much about buying diamonds, this one is sure to catch them out. If you find the price tag on a ring for example and it’s for the entire carat weight of all the diamonds and not separately, this is a red flag. You should know each value for each diamond to avoid overpaying as there is a good chance the surrounding diamonds will be much less than the center stone.
  • Be wary of the half price and unbeatable sales – sales can also catch unsuspecting buyers off guard. When it comes to those amazing ‘can’t believe it’ deals, they are normally too good to be true. If something is highly discounted, there’s a big chance you are paying for more than you should get.

diamond scam

Following the above tips will ensure you stay safer when buying diamonds and avoid common pitfalls that befall new buyers.…

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What is Guidewire? Know About Guidewire Training

Information Technology is all about storing, retrieving, transmitting, and manipulating data. In the era of digital innovation, there are a lot of companies which are developing various applications every day to build a technological environment. These applications help various industries like Banking, Insurance, Telecommunication, Health, Energy etc.

Are you an Information Technology expert employed in insurance sector? Are you interested in a career growth with a latest technology? If yes, then you should first have a basic Introduction to Guidewire and then join a Guidewire training. Let’s understand the facts and some other useful details about Guidewire here.

What is Guidewire?

The Guidewire was founded in 2001 and it has its headquarter in California, United States. ClaimCenter, PolicyCenter, and BillingCenter are the three main software products provided by the company. Their products help enterprises that are working in Insurance Sector. It also helps enterprises to reduce their operational costs.

guidewire training

GuideWire has a special feature i.e. InsuranceNow which provides cloud storage to users. Guidewire’s Digital Portal is keeping data such as digital sales, claim and service management. Guidewire technology majorly runs on three principal goals.

  • First principal goal represents flexibility. The whole operation depends upon
  • Second principal goal represents Definition and Support. These two are the key features which helps users in their path.
  • Third principal goal represents Integration. It actually defines Product Integration. Mainly JAVA is used to create Guidewire products.

Online Guidewire Training

If you are looking for an expert professional who can guide you in your career, then you should join Guidewire training. Let’s go through the prerequisites of Guidewire Training first.

Prerequisites for Guidewire Training

Basically, there are no rerequisites for the Guidewire Training. If you are not an IT professional, you don’t have any prior knowledge in programming, and you don’t have technical background, even then you can join Guidewire training. But if you are a developer or an analyst, then it will be an added advantage for you.

One of the Best Online Guidewire Training Provider

If you are a working professional who cannot manage to join any training course then Guidewire online training is the right choice for you.

Such an online training provider that have one of the best team of expert professionals that have hands on experience in Guidewire. There should be the experts who have drafted course content for Guidewire training. Guidewire Online Training By Garuda Trainings is such an online training provider that makes you an expertise in Claim Management, Insurance Operation, and Policy Administration.

about guidewire training

They also provide real time case studies so that the students will have a skilled content. At Garuda training, you can have flexible timing as well so that you can choose timing as per your convenient. They cover the full course content in their training, for more details you can check out the Guidewire Training Content.

So, if you want to explore more about Guidewire like What is Guidewire? What are the Guidewire Products?Online Guidewire Training Providers, Prerequisites for Guidewire Training, How you can get training from Garuda Training?, Future Scope of Guidewire Training, Guidewire training is the answer.

Still in confusion? Don’t think much, we’ve got you the best online Guidewire training provider.  All you need to do is just take the right decision and give your career a fly start with the experts!…

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History of Nerf Guns: Who Invented the First Nerf Gun

The word Nerf basically has no full form and it was just a line of products that fell into place. Reyn Guyer was an American inventor who came up with foam balls in the late 1960’s. He invented the first foam ball and in 1969, the first Nerf Ball was introduced. The Nerf Ball turned out to be a success because it was a toy that children could play with that was safe to use. Right after this, he invented the Nerf Gun about 20 years later. The Blast-a-Ball was released which is basically a Nerf Blaster.  This single fire ball blaster gun was sold as a double pack and shot 1 ball every 2 seconds.

Right after this, the Nerf Blast-a-Matic was released which released several balls before reloading. These two models were very successful and were found in almost every retail store from 1989-1993.

The commercial that was released for the two guns took the world by storm

The Nerf Gun commercial was both entertaining and cheesy. After the commercial, people flocked to the markets to have Nerf Wars.

The newer releases

history of nurf guns

The Nerf Sharpshooter was the first Nerf gun that used darts instead of foam balls. It was released in 1922 and was a part of the Nerf Original Series. Later on these darts evolved into Mega darts. This model still used darts that had fins.

In 1993, the famous Arrowstorm was introduced that was one of the biggest blasters every created. It required two handles to hold the blaster up which held 6 arrows that automatically rotated after each shot. After constant modifications made by Nerf to increase the performance and accuracy of the darts, the Nerf Sharpshooter II was released in 1995. This model gained popularity very fast because of how easy it was to modify using Nerf accessories.

After many creations and discontinuations, the Power Nerf and Air Tech series were released which shot micro darts as far as 78 feet. Some models even included a liquid gauge at the side of the blaster to show just how much air pressure was left in the blaster.

Darts started gaining popularity and foam ball guns were almost going extinct

Almost every model that was released after the Nerf Sharpshooter included darts. Every Nerf Blaster used darts until the 2015 Rival Series.  Foam balls made a comeback with high impact rounds but they still aren’t half as popular as the guns that shoot darts. After a while Nerf also tried to introduce Nerf Guns with laser tag.

There are many types available

The Nerf Gun series has regular blasters, water blasters, rifles, laser guns and much more. You can find some of the best Nerf sniper rifles available in the market that are super easy to modify and are very fun to use.

Nerf guns popularity

The popular slogan ‘Its Nerf or Nothin’ really caught on at the time when the first Blast-a-Ball came out. With all the new releases and upgrades, it’s hard not to want to participate in a fun game with minimal violence.  Although mobile phones and technology really seem to be taking over the world today, people still look forward to having a face to face match or game with their friends.

nurf gun history

The most popular models include the Nerf Modulus Tri-Strike Blaster and the Nerf N-Strike Elite Hyperfire Blaster. The very famous Raider Rapid Fire CS 35 can hold about 35 suction darts and newest Nerf Stampede ECS is basically an automated blaster which shoots out three darts each second. Most of the newer models seem to have the feature of automatic reloading and they are continuing to bring in new ways of attaching Nerf accessories to make the games so much more fun.

The newest Nerf release included the Accustrike series which included the use of elite darts which aren’t just accurate but also shoot much further. If you check some of the best Nerf sniper rifle reviews, you can find plenty of information to suit your needs.

The history of Nerf guns. Who invented the first Nerf gun.  Find out the progress and history of Nerf. Read more about the famous nerf guns to hit the market.



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Landlord Tips for Managing Rental Property

Actually, it is a legal responsibility of landlord to manage the rental property regularly. But if they will ignore it, then it can create so many legal issues for them. Next, landlords should know about other legal responsibilities which they have to perform before giving property on rent. Just like getting the landlord safety certificates. This will automatically increase the value of rental property and satisfy the tenant that the house is safe and secure to live. Here in this article we are discussing about tips which landlord have to follow for managing the property:

  1. The Landlord Can’t Give Preference to Particular Tenants:

The first thing that landlord should do is not to discriminate amongst prospective tenants. Most people don’t know about this but landlord can’t reject the prospective tenant for any discriminatory reason. Instead, he have to make a decision based on their documentations. Including their credit history, income or past employment history.

landlord tips for managing rental property

  1. Keep the Agreement in Writing to Avoid Conflicts:

The next thing that landlord should do while giving the property to the tenant is to write down all the details in the agreement. Basically, this will help both of you to prevent any type of future disputes.  Actually residential lease agreements consist of terms and conditions of the rental agreement. Including details like names of tenants and landlord, security deposit amount, time of tenancy, property repair terms and the amount of rent.

  1. The Landlord Is Liable to Inspect the Rental Property:

Other than that landlord will be liable to visit the property on a regular basis. He should inspect regularly to analyze all the dangerous conditions or issues with the property. He should know that he has the legal liability to keep the tenant safe and secure. Other than that, you are also liable to get the landlord electrical safety certificate costs of the property. That will help you to keep the tenants safe from any type of expected electrical accidents.

  1. The Landlord Has to Make the Property Secure:

Next as a landlord it is your responsibility that you install all the security devices in the property so that tenants would remain safe and secure. Security devices present in rented property include fire alarms, carbon monoxide detectors, surveillance or cameras. Keep in mind that all these devices will help you to make your property safer. And it will also help you to increase the overall worth of your property.

landlord tips for rental

  1. The Landlord Is Liable to Make Repairs Promptly:

Other than that if the tenant need to have instant repairs in the property, then he will be liable to pay for all the repair work. According to the law if the landlord is not available for instant repair of property work, then the tenant will cut repair charges from rent.  In some states landlord use to have legal responsibility to provide basic facilities to the tenant just like electricity, heating and even the plumbing.


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